The Brazil-Russia-India-China-South Africa (Brics) grouping on Friday expressed concern at violence and conflicts in different parts of the world and said such situations will have to be resolved peacefully through political dialogue.
The joint commentary issued after a virtual assembly of Brics foreign ministers didn’t refer to any specific clash, and the grouping has a conference of not taking up bilateral issues between its members. On the other hand, the assembly was once held against the backdrop of the months-long border standoff between India and China, two of the grouping’s key members.
“The ministers expressed concerns at the upward thrust of violence and continuing conflicts in different parts of the world that have remarkable affect at both the regional and international levels,” the joint commentary said.
“They concurred that, regardless of their historic background and distinctive nature, conflicts will have to be resolved by peaceable means and diplomatic engagement through political dialogue and negotiations in line with principles and norms of international law, especially the UN Constitution,” it added.
The ministers pointed to the UN Security Council resolution 2532 of 2020 demanding a general and instant cessation of hostilities in all situations, except operations against terrorism groups sanctioned by the Security Council, and calling for a “durable humanitarian pause” amid the Covid-19 pandemic.
The ministers also “underlined the vital of dialogue to address increasing international peace and security challenges through political and diplomatic means”, the joint commentary said.
A readout from the outside matters ministry said the discussions at the assembly centred round an overview of the global situation, including “new threats and challenges” and “regional hot spots”.
The Brics assembly was once to have been held in Moscow on September 11 but was once advanced to Friday and made a virtual event after the foreign ministers of Brazil and South Africa said they couldn’t shuttle on account of the pandemic. But even so outside matters minister S Jaishankar, it was once joined by China’s Wang Yi, Russia’s Sergey Lavrov, who chaired the assembly. Brazil’s Ernesto Araújo, and South Africa’s Grace Naledi Pandor.
Jaishankar spoke to Wang soon after the June 15 conflict at Galwan Valley, and the two leaders have joined several virtual multilateral meetings. Jaishankar and Wang are also expected to meet on the margins of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) foreign ministers’ assembly in Moscow on September 10.
The foreign ministers also discussed Brics cooperation at international forums, including on key issues on the 75 UN General Meeting agenda, and reviewed progress in activities under the grouping.
Jaishankar said Brics has the most important role to play in the wake of grave challenges in the economic, political, social and health fields. He highlighted India’s “Aatmanirbhar Bharat” initiative to foster mutually really helpful global economic engagement in economy, infrastructure, technology, demography and demand.
He also emphasised the want to reform the UN to mirror global realities and called for expansion of the Security Council in the permanent and non-permanent categories. He also referred to as for reformed multilateralism, including reform of international bodies such as the WTO, IMF and WHO.
Jaishankar also highlighted the issue of terror and sought enhanced Brics cooperation in countering it. He expressed satisfaction at the conclusion of the Brics counter-terrorism strategy.
India is set to turn into the Brics chair in 2021, and Jaishankar said the country will continue to support cooperation under the grouping’s three pillars of political and security cooperation, economics and business and people-to-people contacts.
The ministers also reaffirmed toughen for a translucent, open, inclusive and non-discriminatory rules-based multilateral trading system, as embodied by the WTO, the joint commentary said. They appreciated the role of the New Development Bank (NDB) in infrastructure and sustainable development financing and welcomed the NDB Board of Governors’ decision to set up an emergency assistance facility of up to $10 billion and the approval of four loans for a complete of $4 billion.