It is likely that the children who went through bullying in school, may develop a violent behaviour in later years of their lives, as per the findings of a new study led by scientists at the University of Cordoba and the University of Cambridge. They have got collectively studied aspects related to violence, thus helping decrease its risks and prevent it.
They studied imaginable risk and protective factors for violence and, in this way, they verified if violent behaviour may also be predicted months or even years before it develops.
Specifically, the study focused on finding out whether morality, victimization, empathy, and social and emotional skills predict the expression of different violent behaviours in children and adolescents in different contexts, including at school and in a circle of relatives setting.
“These behaviours refer to, as an example, troubling behaviour at home, including physical violence towards parents and siblings, at school, including physical violence towards teaching staff and schoolmates, and other settings, including poor behaviour in public”, said Raquel Espejo Siles, a doctoral student at the University of Cordoba who carried out this research all through her stay at the Institute of Criminology at the University of Cambridge thanks to some of the ELMER grants from the Diputacion de Cordoba.
Raquel Espejo worked with Izabela Zych, Professor at the Psychology Branch at the University of Cordoba and a part of the LAECOVI research group, whose line of research in this study’s framework.The study also had the participation of David P. Farrington, Emeritus Professor of Criminology at the University of Cambridge, and Vicente J. Llorent, Professor at the Education Branch at the University of Cordoba.
871 students between 10 and 17 years of age at different Andalusian educational centres took part in the research. They filled out two questionnaires, one in June 2017 and one in June 2018.
Interesting conclusions were drawn from the results.
“We found that violence used directly towards people used to be related to a tendency to make impulsive decisions and to a blind motivation to achieve one’s aims, without regard for the disadvantages or negative consequences from the use of violence,” said Raquel Espejo.
What is more, being a victim of bullying used to be detected as a risk factor for developing violent behaviour at home against their circle of relatives in addition to at school. Likewise, those people who were violent in public or in class were shown to have higher scores in moral disengagement, meaning that they most often made excuses in order that these acts would seem less serious than they actually were.
At school, it used to be verified that higher scores for social and emotional competencies such as social awareness, self-management, motivation and decision making are protective factors against violence.
Due to this fact, these results beef up prevention initiatives based on the opportunity of learning social and emotional skills at home in addition to at school.
The data show that reducing victimization in a school setting could be effective in decreasing violence in different contexts one day.
“It is very important prevent violence, both victimization and bullying since the data found in this study and others indicate that violence is a vicious cycle. Being the aggressor or the victim entails a high risk of developing the contrary role, reinforcing and increasing violence both at school and outdoor of school,” said Raquel Espejo.
According to this research study, enabling teenagers to reassess their goals and the consequences of their violent behaviour could have an affect on decreasing violence further down the Road.Moreover, teaching different strategies to unravel issues differently could help them to compare and see the high individual and social price to pay for violent behaviour.
(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text.)
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