China is looking for to establish more robust logistics in approximately a dozen countries, including three in India’s neighbourhood, to allow its army to project and sustain its power at greater distances, a Pentagon outline has said.
Along with the three Indian neighbours — Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Myanmar — the other countries where China is thinking about to base its military logistics and infrastructure are Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, United Arab Emirates, Kenya, Seychelles, Tanzania, Angola, and Tajikistan, the outline said on Tuesday.
In its annual outline Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China (PRC) 2020 that was once submitted to the United States Congress on Tuesday, the Pentagon said these potential Chinese military logistics facilities are along with the Chinese military base in Djibouti, which is aimed at supporting naval, air and ground forces projection.
A global PLA (Peoples Liberation Army) military logistics network could both interfere with US military operations and enhance offensive operations against the USA as the PRC’s global military objectives evolve, the Pentagon said in the outline.
China has probably already made overtures to Namibia, Vanuatu, and the Solomon Islands, it said, adding the known focus areas of PLA planning are along the Seal Lines of Communication from China to the Strait of Hormuz, Africa, and the Pacific Islands.
In a similar fashion, the Pentagon said, Beijing uses One Belt One Road (OBOR) to enhance its strategy of national rejuvenation by seeking to expand global transportation and business linkages to enhance its development and deepen its economic integration with nations along its periphery and beyond.
OBOR projects associated with pipelines and port construction in Pakistan intend to diminish China’s reliance on transporting energy resources through strategic chokepoints, such as the Strait of Malacca, it said.
China leverages OBOR to invest in projects along China’s western and southern periphery to make stronger stability and diminish threats along its borders, the outline said.
First announced in 2013, China’s OBOR initiative is a signature foreign and economic policy advanced by President Xi Jinping.
According to the Pentagon, a global PLA military logistics network could both interfere with the United States military operations and enhance offensive operations against the USA as the Chinese global military objectives evolve.
“Host nations can perform an fundamental role in regulating the PRC’s military operations as Chinese officials very likely recognise that a steady long-term relationship with the host nation is critical to the success of their military logistics facilities,” it said.
Chinese military academics assert that bases out of the country can enable forward deployment of its forces and enhance military clash, diplomatic signalling, political change, bilateral and multilateral cooperation, and training.
They also propose that a military logistic network could enable intelligence monitoring of the United States military.
In August 2017, China officially opened its first military base in Djibouti.
Chinese Navy Marines are stationed at the base with wheeled armoured vehicles and artillery but are currently dependent on nearby commercial ports because of the lack of a pier on base, the outline said.
Chinese personnel at the facility have interfered with US flights by lasing pilots and flying drones, and China has sought to confine Djiboutian sovereign airspace over the base, the outline said.