Handgrip strength can identify whether people are at a high risk of kind 2 diabetes: Study – fitness


To identify the patients at risk of Kind 2 diabetes, health care professionals have identified a simple test, such as the strength of your handgrip, as a quick low cost, screening tool.

In new research, scientists at the universities of Bristol and Eastern Finland measured the muscular handgrip strength of 776 women and men without a history of diabetes over a 20-year period and demonstrated that the risk of kind 2 diabetes used to be reduced by around 50 per cent for each and every unit increase in handgrip strength value. The findings are published in the Annals of Medicine.

Diabetes in all forms is the ninth major cause of death on this planet. Around 90 per cent of people with diabetes have kind 2 diabetes. In the United Kingdom alone, one in ten people over 40 are now living with a diagnosis of kind 2 diabetes. It is expected that whether nothing changes, more than five million people will have developed diabetes by 2025.

Though older age, obesity, circle of relatives history and way of life factors such as physical state of being inactive, smoking, unhealthy diet and over the top alcohol contribute considerably to the risk of developing kind 2 diabetes, these factors alone do not provide an explanation for all the risks for Kind 2 diabetes.

It sounds as if other factors is also involved. Reduced muscular strength, which can also be measured by handgrip strength, has consistently been linked to early death, cardiovascular disease, and disability.Until recently, there used to be inconsistent evidence on the relationship between handgrip strength and Kind 2 diabetes. In a recent literature review of ten published studies on the topic, the same researchers demonstrated that people with higher values of handgrip strength had a 27 per cent reduced risk of developing Kind 2 diabetes.

Then again, while findings from this review suggested handgrip strength could potentially be used to foretell kind 2 diabetes, researchers needed to test this formally the use of individual patient data.

In this latest study, the researchers from Bristol Medical School and Eastern Finland’s Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition followed 776 women and men aged 60-72 years without a history of diabetes over a 20-year period and measured the power of their handgrip strength the use of a handgrip dynamometer.

Patients were asked to squeeze the handles of the dynamometer with their dominant hand with maximum isometric effort and take care of this for five seconds.

An analysis of the results demonstrated that the risk of kind 2 diabetes used to be reduced by approximately 50 per cent for each and every unit increase in handgrip strength value. This organization persisted even after bearing in mind several established factors that can have an effect on kind 2 diabetes such as age, circle of relatives history of diabetes, physical activity, smoking, high blood pressure, waist circumference and fasting plasma glucose.

When information on handgrip strength used to be added to these established factors which are already known to foretell kind 2 diabetes, the prediction of kind 2 diabetes improved further.

“These findings may have implications for the development of Kind 2 diabetes prevention strategies. Assessment of handgrip is simple, inexpensive and does not require very skilled expertise and resources and could potentially be used in the early identification of individuals at high risk of future kind 2 diabetes,” said lead creator Dr Setor Kunutsor from Bristol’s Musculoskeletal Research Unit.

Importantly, the findings looked to be marked in women in comparison to men in sex-specific analyses, suggesting that women are likely to have the benefit of the usage of this potential screening tool.

“These results are based on the Finnish population. Provided the low number of events in our analyses, we suggest larger studies to replicate these findings in other populations and specifically in women and men,” said Principal investigator, Professor Jari Laukkanen from the University of Eastern Finland.

The authors add that further research is needed to set up if efforts to toughen muscle strength such as resistance training are likely to minimize an individual’s risk of kind 2 diabetes.

(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.)

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