The Myanmar military handed over a group of 22 northeast insurgents to the Indian government on Friday afternoon. The insurgents, wanted in Manipur and Assam, have been brought back by a special plane, people familiar with the development told Hindustan Times.
“This can be a immense step for the Myanmar government and a reflection of the deepening ties between the two countries,” a top government official said soon after an aircraft with a planeload of insurgents took off from Myanmar.
The plane first made a stopover in Manipur capital Imphal, before heading to Assam’s Guwahati. The insurgents have been handed over to the native police in the two states.
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“This is the first time that the Myanmar government has acted on India’s request to hand over leaders of the northeast rebel groups,” a senior national security planner said approximately the operation driven by National Security Adviser Ajit Doval. This is seen on account of increasing intelligence and defence cooperation between the two countries from both sides.
DEPORTED: (Left, top) Self-styled Capt Sanatomba Ningthoujam of UNLF, (Left, backside) Lt Pashuram Laishram of PREPAK-PRO, (Correct, top) Rajen Daimary, home secretary (NDFB-S) and Correct, Behind) self styled Capt Sansuma Basumatary (NDFB-S)
Among those deported by Myanmar are some senior and long-wanted Indian rebel leaders such as NDFB (S) self-styled home secretary Rajen Daimary, Capt Sanatomba Ningthoujam of UNLF and Lt Pashuram Laishram of PREPAK (Pro).
12 of the 22 insurgents are linked to four rebel groups in Manipur: UNLF, PREPAK (Pro), KYKL and PLA. The remaining 10 are linked to Assam groups such as NDFB (S) and KLO.
NDFB (S)Rajen Daimary @ Rebgon, self-styled Home SecySelf-styled Capt Sansuma Basumatary @ SarontsaiGagaram Basumatary @ Capt. GamshaSurju Brahmo @ Brammo SwrjiSulaSukuram BrahmaKLOShanker Deb Barman @ Silukar @ SilukshBhajan Barman @ Tiger KochBishu Roy @ Bishwa Singha KochJitendra Roy @ Mangak Koch’Dhono Roy @ Sgt. BahadurUNLFNaoba Meitei @ NganbaMasoom @ SinthoiBalaram Takhellambam @ LoijingSelf-styled Capt Sanatomba @ Ningthoujam @ ManaobaPratap Meitei @ NaitomnganbaSanjoy Meitei @ NaochaAjoy Akoijam @ UttamPLAAthoi Meitei @ KoirambaKennedy Aribam @ NongdrenPREPAK (Pro)Self-styled Lt Pashuram Laishram @ ArjunPremananda Meitei @ HarjitKYKLSantosh Meitei @ Kanta
The treacherous terrain along India’s over 1,600-km border with Myanmar makes the area ideal for camps of rebel groups which were fighting the Indian state for decades.
But pressure has been building on the rebel groups over the previous couple of years after the Myanmar military agreed to conduct operations.
Final year, the Myanmar army carried out continual operations through February and March 2019 on the basis of pin-pointed intelligence given by Indian security agencies.
The Myanmar army attacked multi-group terrorism camps at Taga in the north of the country across the Vijaynagar salient in Arunachal Pradesh in the first phase, and decimated Arakan, Nilgiri and Haukyat camps in the second one.
The 22 insurgents were caught by the Myanmar army in Sagaing Region in these operations.
Also Read: In 2019 joint op with Myanmar, Indian army deployed ‘hammer and anvil’ tactics
A national security official said Myanmar’s decision to hand over the insurgents is a big message to the outfits that Naypyidaw is in sync with New Delhi on dealing with them.
Indian officials expect Myanmar’s action to be a deterrent to groups that had assumed the dense forests across the border could insulate them from action. Just as the one created by the United Arab Emirates, once regarded as a haven for Indian criminals on the run, when it started deporting criminals and terrorists wanted in India.
“Whether Pakistan also acted against terrorists as these two countries do, then there would hardly be any terrorism group there too,” a senior national security official lamented.