Is obesity dangerous? Does Covid-19 risk increase with obesity? Are we able to regulate obesity? – health


Dangers of Obesity:

Are you aware that obesity is second only to smoking in the leading causes of preventable deaths? That’s how dangerous and serious obesity is! Obesity is a chronic and progressive disease that impacts each and every organ in the body, and impacts nearly each and every aspect, be it physical, psychological, or social well-being of a person. The general public suffering from obesity do not imagine excess weight as a problem. They seek expert help only when they develop some or the other medical problem related to excess weight.

Obesity is a precursor to several other diseases such as kind 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, heart disease, stroke, sure types of cancer, gall bladder disease, osteoarthritis, gout, infertility, lung diseases, obstructive sleep apnea, sexual dysfunction, mental health issues such as depression, to name a couple of. These co-morbid diseases may also be prevented whether obesity is dealt with at the correct time, i.e. before the onset of these problems.

Relating to Covid-19 risk, Public Health England has estimated that obesity could increase Covid-19 related death risk by 40% to 90% depending on the severity of obesity.

Moreover, the social bias, prejudice, and discrimination faced by the individuals suffering from obesity , may cause them to reluctant to seek medical assistance – not only for obesity but also for any related health issues . Obesity is declared as a global epidemic by the World Health Association (WHO), and the number of individuals suffering from obesity in India as a percentage of complete population is abruptly rising.

Shaming doesn’t help:

Societies across the world label individuals suffering from obesity as “lazy”, “missing self-control,” amongst many other things. But obesity is ceaselessly caused by more than one factors such as genetic predisposition, faulty metabolism, hormonal imbalance, side-effects of sure medications etc , which are beyond the regulate of these individuals.

Regardless of what triggered weight gain, most individuals with obesity have the benefit of seeking expert medical help. Before we explore why medical help is needed for obesity, let’s know the way obesity is defined.

Defining obesity

The most commonly used parameter to define obesity is BMI (Body Mass Index). BMI is a measure of your weight on the subject of your height.

World Health Association (WHO) considers a BMI >= 30 kg/m2 as Class I obesity. BMI >= 35 kg/m2 is Class II – severe obesity, and BMI >= 40 is Class III – severe obesity. BMI cut-off limits to define obesity are lower in Indians in comparison to those for western people. In Indians, BMI >= 25 is regarded as as Class 1 obesity, while >= 30 is regarded as as Class II – severe obesity.

Why do diet & exercise fail to regulate severe obesity?

Low-calorie diet and exercise are the preferred methods across the world to regulate obesity. Even though healthy diet and exercise can minimize weight burden in overweight individuals or those with gentle obesity, these methods fail to address severe obesity in the end as body has gotten adapted to a higher weight level in individuals with severe obesity. In these individuals, even though there is initial weight loss with dieting, weight will bounce back leading to further weight gain and progression of obesity . Calorie restriction is countered by the body mechanisms that minimize metabolic rate and increase starvation, ensuring the weight regain.

In a similar way, a review of 80 studies found that exercise alone resulted in minimal weight loss. People have a tendency to overeat after exercise without realizing, as their bodies try to compensate for the missing energy.

Most individuals with severe obesity who try diet and exercise, will have initial success, but eventually regain missing weight. This is more because of the effect of hormones controlling body fat and energy balance than because of their lack of willpower or the improper diet.

There’s a documented commentary that for an individual with a BMI >= 35 kg/m2, the chances of achieving long lasting weight loss with way of life modifications alone is less than 1% .

What’s the solution?

Step one is to recognize that obesity is a serious disease that needs specialized medical help, just like any other disease such as kind 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. The second one step is to contact an obesity expert to seek appropriate remedy options. Patients with severe osteoarthritis wish to be treated by a joint replacement surgeon. In a similar way, individuals with severe obesity need bariatric and metabolic surgeries.

Minimally invasive bariatric (weight-loss) surgery is indicated in Indians whether BMI is >= 32.5 kg/m2 with diabetes or any other obesity related co-morbid conditions; or whether BMI is >= 37.5 kg/m2 even without any obesity related co-morbid conditions.

Bariatric and metabolic surgeries result in long lasting weight loss and long-term remission from kind 2 diabetes. By doing so, they also minimize risk of Covid-19 related morbidity and mortality.

These surgeries can prevent the onset of several co-morbid diseases and can unravel the same diseases in several individuals whether they already developed these problems.

Now-a-days because of Covid-19, many doctors offer online consultations. It is easy to book an appointment at an obesity center of one’s choice and discuss one’s obesity problem with the expert doctors, at their convenience.

Obesity may also be treated with long lasting results. Do not neglect excess weight even though you aren’t suffering from any other medical disease. Seek expert help before it is too late. The time to act against it is NOW!

(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text.)

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