Pioneer of women’s education, Indian feminist movement: Remembering Savitribai Phule on her 190th birth anniversary – india news



Krantijyoti Savitribai Phule used to be born on January 3, 1831, in a village called Naigaon in the Satara district of Maharashtra. She used to be a feminist and social reformer who fought for women’s empowerment and education in India. This year marks the 190th birth anniversary of Phule, and the day is observed in Maharashtra as Balika Din.

Savitribai Phule is regarded as to be one of the most pioneers of the feminist movement in India. She started the first-ever school for girls in the country in 1848 at Bhide Wada, Pune. Her efforts to spread awareness approximately women’s education saw her face boycotts and abuses mostly from men at the time. Jyotirao Phule, her husband, used to be one of the most pillars of fortify to her in her journey to spreading awareness approximately the importance of women’s education and uplifting the status of women and India. Phule used to be married to Jyotirao Phule at the age of nine when she used to be not literate.

By 1851, Phule had set up three schools and used to be the teacher of 150 students. She would go on to established 17 schools in the country and despite the fact that most of them were for upper-caste women, she and her husband set up schools for Dalit and lower-caste women as polite. Phule encouraged women to attend school by offering them stipends.

Women’s education used to be not the only object Phule wanted Indians to take up. She also fought against social injustices of the time like Sati, child marriage and the still prevalent caste system and used to be also one of the most first advocates for women’s rights in the country. She opened a polite for ‘untouchables’ at her residence in a defiant act against the caste system and also started a care centre for pregnant rape sufferers called ‘Balhatya Pratibandhak Griha’. Phule also set up a ‘Mahila Seva Mandal’ where women would gather and she would raise awareness approximately women’s rights.

Except for being a pioneer of Indian feminism, Phule used to be a plague warrior. She helped several people when the bubonic plague hit the world, opening up a clinic with her son, Yashwant, in 1897 to help patients. The plague ended up being the reason of her demise as she passed on to the great beyond on March 10, 1897.

She used to be also a hard-hitting, radical creator and poet who questioned the brahminical hegemony and openly criticised social evils at the time like Sati, child marriage, class distinctions, gender inequalities and the caste system.


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