US Election 2020: What happens when the electoral college meets – world news

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Multiple month after voters cast their ballots in america presidential election, the electoral college meets on December 14 to cast their ballots. America charter gives the electors the power to make a choice the president and when all of the votes are counted, president-elect Joe Biden is expected to have 306 electoral votes, more than the 270 needed to elect a president, to 232 votes for President Donald Trump.

Here’s everything you want to realize approximately the electoral college and what happens next:

What’s the electoral college?

The electoral college is a middle ground between electing the president by popular vote and having US Congress chooses the president. Under america Charter, states get various electors equal to their complete number of seats in Congress: two senators plus alternatively many members the state has in the House of Representatives. Except Maine and Nebraska, states award all of their electoral college votes to the winner of the preferred vote in their state.

Why is the idea that of the electoral college criticised?

The electoral college has been the subject of criticism for more than two centuries mostly because the one who wins the preferred vote can nonetheless lose the presidential election. That has happened twice in the final two decades — in 2000 with the election of George W Bush and in 2016 when Donald Trump missing the preferred vote to Hillary Clinton by almost 3 million votes.

Who are the electors and what do they do?

Presidential electors usually are elected officials, political hopefuls or long-time party loyalists. The electoral college doesn’t meet in one place. Instead, every state’s electors and the electors for the District of Columbia meet in a place chosen by their legislature, generally the state capitol.

Electors cast their votes by paper poll: one poll for president and one for vice president. The votes get counted and the electors signal six certificates with the results. Each and every certificate gets paired with a certificate from the governor detailing the state’s vote totals.

Those six packets then get mailed to quite a lot of people laid out in law. Crucial copy, though, gets sent to the president of the Senate, the current vice president. This is the copy that will be officially counted later.

Are electors obligated to vote for the candidate who won in their state?

In 32 states and the District of Columbia, laws require electors to vote for the popular-vote winner. America Supreme Court unanimously upheld this arrangement in July. Electors nearly all the time vote for the state winner besides, because they typically are devoted to their political party.

What is going to happen next?

Once the electoral votes are cast, they’re sent to Congress, where both houses will convene on January 6 for a session presided over by vice president Mike Pence. The envelopes from every state and the District of Columbia will be opened and the votes tallied.

Whether a minimum of one member of every house objects in writing to a few electoral votes, the House and Senate meet one after the other to debate the issue. Both houses should vote to sustain the objection for it to matter, and the Democratic-led House is unlikely to go at the side of any objections to votes for Biden. Another way, the votes get counted as intended by the states.

And then the next move is Inauguration Day.

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