An estimated 240 million Americans in 50 states and across three time zones (which will resolve staggered starting and closing time for polling) are eligible to vote either in person or through mail in 2020 to elect their president for the next four year. Polling closes on November 3.
What’s an electoral college and how are electors selected?
US Charter mandates the president to be elected by an electoral college, which now comprises 538 members, selected by states. Each and every state’s share is made up our minds by the number of members in the House of Representatives and Senate. Presidential candidates appoint electors for each and every state, who are then expected to go with whichever candidates wins the preferred vote in the state in a winner-takes-all system. Only Maine and Nebraska allocate their electors among winners of congressional districts and the preferred vote.
A candidate needs 270, the midway mark, plus 2, to win.
What is a Caucus?
This is a assembly of members of political parties to register their give a boost to for candidates competing for the party’s nomination through discussions and a couple of rounds of headcount. It’s how some states come to a decision their nominees for president — of both Republican and Democratic parties. Iowa, which kicks off the presidential election cycle, is the most prominent state with this system. The alternative is a primary, which is an easy vote in the traditional sense.
Does popular vote count?
Yes and, then, No.
The presidential candidate who wins the preferred vote in the state picks up the entire state’s electors in a winner-takes-all system — aside from in Maine and Nebraska. And the candidate with the maximum number electors — 270 or more — wins the White House. Winning the preferred vote alone nationally isn’t enough — Hillary Clinton won the preferred vote by 3 million in 2016, but Donald Trump won the electoral college and the presidency.
Why are people voting early?
Early voting in the shape of absentee voting goes the entire as far back as the American Civil War when soldiers deployed in battlefield were allowed to mail in their ballots. Many states now allow early voting, particularly after the 2000 “hanging chad” debacle. This year, all states are allowing early voting, in-person and through mail, in view of the ongoing Covid1-19 pandemic and mitigation efforts in place to stop the spread of the virus.
More than a third of all eligible voters have already cast their ballots this time, in a record early voting turnout.
Differences between the American and Indian voting processes
Indians vote on a date announced by the Central Election Commission to elect representatives — Members of Parliament, Lok Sabha — who in turn elect the prime minister. In america, Americans vote on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of November — a statutorily constant date — to elect the president directly, but with a twist called the electoral college.
Also, elections in India are administered and regulated by the EC, but in america, they’re held by state governments in their respective jurisdictions. The Federal Election Commission only administers and regulates crusade finance laws.
Cost of the election
The 2020 elections to the White House and House of Representatives are expected to cost an estimated $14 billion, a record. But these are moneys spent by candidates, parties and out of doors bodies and don’t include expenses incurred by state governments on polling, security and election-related issues and fabric. Joe Biden could change into the first presidential nominee to bring $1 billion, or more.
Other elections that will also take place on November 3
Americans will also vote on November 3 to elect 435 members of the House of Representatives, 33 members of the Senate (a third of the 100 seats of the upper chamber are up for election each and every election cycle), 11 state governors (and two of US Territories), and members of 86 state legislative chambers (lower and upper chambers).
When to expect results?
In most election years, results change into known inside hours of the near of polling, as projections based on early counting trends and exit polling. But it’s going to take longer this time as a result of the sheer volumes of mailed-in ballots. Some states begin counting their mail-in poll before Election Day, others start on that day and still others wait till near of polling.
Samosa Caucus: Will it grow or shrink?
There are five Indian Americans in US Congress now; they call themselves the “Samosa Caucus”. Four in the House — Ami Bera, Ro Khanna, Raja Krishnamoorthi and Pramila Jayapal; and one in the Senate — Kamala Harris. All of the House members are seeking re-election and Harris is running for vice-president. Among others seeking their first term are Sri Preston Kulkarni from Texas and Hiral Tipirneni from Arizona for the House and Sara Gideon for the Senate from Maine.
The swing states that could come to a decision the elections
Michigan, Wisconsin and Pennsylvania made up our minds the 2016 White House race, giving Trump the presidency. They remain the key battleground states that will come to a decision the 2020 race. Trump won them narrowly and has to take them again to win, whether he also holds on to the states he won back in 2016. He’s currently trailing Biden in all three, and by margins that have remained stable over a time period.
Florida, North Carolina, Arizona, Minnesota, Nevada and Ohio could also play critical roles. Trump won all six in 2016, but is trailing Biden in the first three narrowly, by wide margins in the next two and is barely ahead in the final.
And then there are Georgia and Texas, solidly Republican states that have not voted for Democrats in presidential elections in decades. But Democrats and pollsters consider they’re in play this time. Biden addressed two rallies in Georgia this week, a bold move for last days of campaigning, and has sent his running mate Kamala Harris to Texas amid growing calls from Democrats for star campaigners including former President Barack Obama to gratuity the state Blue.
Main issues in the presidential election
Economy, terror and national security, the response to the coronavirus, healthcare (health insurance) and education emerged as the top five issues in a ballot of registered voters by Gallup earlier in October, just weeks before the near of polling.
Economy was once also the top issue in a Pew ballot back in August, followed by healthcare, Supreme Court appointments, the coronavirus outbreak and violent crime.
Economy is typically the top issue in US presidential elections but it has assumed even greater importance this cycle as a result of the devastating have an effect on of Covid-19, with widespread and continuing closure and downsizing of businesses and millions of lay-offs.
Biden has made the Trump administration’s response to the epidemic, which has killed more than 228,000 Americans and infected almost 9 million, the nucleus of his case against granting the president a second term and giving him a chance instead to lead the country. He has accused the president of not doing enough to combat the virus, underplaying the gravity of the illness, peddling doubtful cures and therapeutics and hosting “super-spreader” events.
Trump, then again, has sought to shift the point of interest absent from the pandemic by raising law-and-order concerns stemming from anti-racism protests, has touted unverified allegations of corruption against Biden and questioned his mental acuity and physical wellbeing, with doubtful claims.